Navratri – History and significance of the 9 days of celebration of the Hindu festival

Happy Navaratri 2022: Know all about the history, significance and celebrations of Navratri which is also called Sharada Navarati or Navrata in different parts of India

Navratri - History and significance of the 9 days of celebration of the Hindu festival
Navratri – History and significance of the 9 days of celebration of the Hindu festival

Navaratri, also called Sharada Navarati or Navrata, is a major Hindu festival that is celebrated by Hindus around the world and in India over a span of nine nights post monsoon autumn. It is essentially a celebration of good over evil. Navratri has a different significance all over India and is celebrated in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, mostly around September and October.

Chaitra Navratri 2022: This year, Chaitra Navratri will commence on April 2, 2022, and will go on till April 11, 2022. Here’s all you need to know about the significance, history, rituals, and puja timings of this nine-day long festival.

Navratri translates to Nav meaning nine and ratri meaning nights and honours the divine Goddess Durga who defeated the demon king Mahishasura in a battle.


Legend has it that the demon king Mahishasura was granted immortality by Lord Brahma, with the condition being that he could only be defeated by a woman.

Mahishasura attacked all the three spheres, Trilok, which includes Earth, Heaven and Hell, and nobody could defeat him. Then Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva combined their powers to create Goddess Durga.

What ensued was a 15-day log battle between Mahishasura and Goddes Durga, during which the demon king kept changing his form to confuse the goddess. When Mahishasura turned into a buffalo, Goddess Durga slayed him with her trishul. It was the day of Mahalaya when Mahishasura was killed.

Significance and celebration

Over the course of the nine days the different avatars of Goddess Durga are honoured They are Goddess Shailputri (Day 1), Goddess Brahmacharini (Day 2), Goddess Chandraghanta (Day 3), Goddess Kushmanda (Day 4), Goddess Skandamata (Day 5), Goddess Katyayani (Day 6), Goddess Kaalratri (Day 7), Goddess Mahagauri (Day 8) and Goddess Siddhidatri (Day 9).

During this festival families and friends get together to celebrate it as per their tradition. In Gujarat, dandiya is played during the festival and mostly people fast and spend their time in prayer.

In the East of India the festival is celebrated as Durga Puja while in the North, Ram Leela, a visual retelling of the Ramayana is held and the nine days end with Dussehra during which straw effigies of Ravana are burnt to depict the victory of good over evil.

Chaitra Navratri 2022 Date And Puja Timings

  • Day 1: April 2 Pratipada
  • Day 2: April 3 Dwitiya
  • Day 3: April 4 Tritiya
  • Day 4: April 5 Chaturthi
  • Day 5: April 6 Panchami
  • Day 6: April 7 Shasthi
  • Day 7: April 8 Saptami
  • Day 8: April 9 Annapurna Ashtami -Sandhi Puja
  • Day 9: April 10 Rama Navami
  • Mahurat Time (Kalash Sthapna) – April 2, 6:22 am to 8:29 am.
  • Ghatasthapana Muhurat – 6:10 am to 08:31 am
  • Pratipada Tithi Begins – 11:53 am on April 1, 2022
  • Pratipada Tithi Ends – 11:58 am on April 2, 2022

Meanwhile, Ram Navami muhurat will begin at 1:32 am on April 10 and will end at 3:15 am on April 11.